Have you ever smelled a fragrant rose? Has your nose ever tickled when you crack pepper corns? Peeled an orange and enjoyed that refreshing citrusy smell? Those smells we enjoy come from aeromantic compounds called Terpenes. So far, scientists have discovered around 20,000 terpenes.
Over 100 different terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant, and every strain has a unique terpene type and composition. Not every flower or herb has the same scent, the same goes for different strains of cannabis. These aromatic oils, with distinctive flavors, are secreted in the same glands that produce cannabinoids like THC and CBD.
In nature plants develop terpenes for adaptive purposes. The main service these oils provide is to repel predators and lure pollinators. Many factors influence a plant’s development of terpenes, including climate, weather, age and maturation, fertilizers, soil type, and even the time of day.
Terpenes may play a key role in differentiating the effects of various cannabis strains. Some terpenes might promote calming and stress-relieving effects, while others may feel more cerebral and energetic. As we learn more about the chemical makeup of cannabis, we are discovering that the presence and ratios of different terpenes determine the effect you might experience - more so than Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid.
If different terpenes have different effects, what should I look for when purchasing cannabis products?
Uplifting & Energizing Terpenes can Include:
Limonene, α-pinene and β-pinene, Beta Caryophyllene, Valencene, Eucalyptol
Relaxing & Calming Terpenes can Include:
Humulene, Myrcene, Linalool, Alpha-Terpinene, Terpineol
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